Challenges

Smartie Lids

‘Chocolate Beans’ were first produced by Rowntrees in 1882, priced at 2d, but became ‘Smarties Chocolate Beans’ in 1937, and following a trade description issues became ‘Smarties’ shortly after. Production stopped during WW2 due to milk shortages, and reintroduced 1946 with plain chocolate centres instead of the usual milk.

Plastic lids were first used on Smarties tubes in the 1950s, and in the 1960s letters (and occasionally numbers) were added to the underside of the lids, These were designed as a teaching aid, and collected by children.

The lids have undergone many changes over the years. Early lids carried the Rowntrees logo with a letter or number on the back. Some of the early letters were upper case, which were later replaced by lower case letters, just before the change to the new metric size somewhere between 1965 and the mid-seventies. The old imperial lids(A) were 1″ in diameter, slightly larger than the 22 mm metric lids (B), and only came in dark blue, yellow, orange and green.

In the early 1990s Nestle bought out Rowntrees, and the ‘Rowntrees’ wording on the lid was replaced with ‘Smarties’ (C).

Many limited editions have been introduced over the years. Special colour lids were often linked to the smarties inside, for example a white lid (with white Smarties containing white chocolate, 1990), a special green lid (with Gruesome Greenie Smarties), a special blue lid (with blue Smarties) and a silver lid (with brown and red cola-flavour Smarties, 2000). There were also metallic green lids featuring dinosaur lids and three colours of Smarties.

Special symbols on the reverse of the lids include a Smartian set of 8 different designs in 4 different ‘day-glo’ colours from 1995-96 and a further Smartian set in green in 2002.

There was a football set FROM 2000 with 8 different words (PASS, CORNER, TACKLE, FOUL, BOOKED, PENALTY, SHOOT, GOAL) and 8 different colours.

The information here was sourced from various websites including here.

Challenges

Container Spills

The world’s largest container ship, MSC Irina (Image: Vessel Finder)

It is said that 90% of everything that we eat, wear and consume has once been in a container and transported on a container ship. In 2022, over 250 million containers, with their cargo worth trillions of dollars, were transported around the world. At any point in time, more than 6,000 container ships are in operation.

The 20-foot container, referred to as a Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) has become the industry standard reference, so cargo volume and vessel capacity are commonly measured in TEUs. The largest container ships can carry more than 24,000 TEUs, carrying everything from toys to trainers, from figs to fridges, and from motorbikes to medical tape.

MV Rena Monrovia, which grounded off the coast of New Zealand in Oct 2021 (Image: Tasmanian Times)

These containers may be properly packed, stowed and secured, but stacked ever higher, and with factors ranging from severe weather and rough seas to ship groundings, structural failures, collisions, or even human error, some never reach their destination, and are lost at sea. The World Shipping Council, which aims to improve safety in container handling and transport, reported that in the twelve years up to 2020, an average of 1,382 containers fell overboard each year. The winter of 2020-21 saw an unusually high number of weather-related incidents, with an average loss over of more than 3,000 containers over the two-year period 2020 to 2021. In 2022, 661 containers were lost, the lowest percentage loss since records began in 2008.

Containers may break up whilst falling off the ship or hitting the sea floor but also may remain intact for a period of time. The ship’s captain has a responsibility to report to the coastguard any container loss that is either a hazard to shipping or the contents are hazardous.

Unfortunately it seems many of these contents (including plastic) are not deemed a hazard. That is where we can begin to help. When we walk beaches, we can record items that keep washing onto our beaches – HP ink cartridges, Pulman slippers, tea capsules, various shoes and more. Recording may lead to identification of pollution sources and perhaps in time a change of law.

HP ink cartridge (Image: Wikidéchets)

Strandliners aim to catalogue container spill items that have polluted our shores so that more accurate information is available. We also aim to build a table of recorded losses in the English Channel and in the Atlantic that have brought items to our beaches.

One of our much-used sources of information, Wikidéchets, no longer seems to be available, but there are records of finds here.

Challenges

Christmas Challenge

Back in May 2022, Greenpeace encouraged us to record all the packaging we threw away over a period of a week. Almost a quarter of a million people took part and recorded nearly 6,500,000 items.

The Strandliners challenge…

We are asking you to record all the packaging you dispose of as a family over the Christmas week – from 24th to 31st December (whatever the material) and tell whether it was thrown away, recycled, or kept for reuse, and send the results to Strandliners. This includes food and household packaging, gift wrapping and so on. We are asking all our subscribers to do this as well. 

There is no blame attached to this survey. All the results will be completely anonymous – we are just curious about how much extra waste we all produce at Christmas and may repeat the activity in summer to see what the difference is. We will join in too, and can’t wait to see the results.

How do I record my results?

You can just make a note with pencil and paper, keeping a tally on a daily basis, or you can use a simple spreadsheet, like the one here (with a few examples). Then at the end of the week, email your results to us.

How do I know what can be recycled in my area?

Check your local council for details. In Rother, for example, you can find the recycling page here.

How can I tell whether my Christmas wrapping paper can be recycled?

Foil or glittery paper can’t be recycled, so put it in the bin. As a rule of thumb, if you scrunch it up and it stays scrunched, then it can be recycled. Remove any bows, ribbons and as much sticky tape as possible. If it springs open again, it probably contains a plastic layer, so put it in the bin.

You can make a difference in the weeks leading up to Christmas by choosing to buy paper that can be recycled.